Thank you to Dr. Michael Pollock (NOAA), Dr. Greg Hood (Skagit System Coop), and Dr. Anne Shaffer (CWI) for input and guidance. Thanks to Malcolm Dudley and Chuck Janda provided access to beaver sites on the Elwha.
Goldfarb, B. 2018. Eager: The Surprising, Secret Life of Beavers and Why They Matter. Chelsea Green Publishing
Hood, G. A., and Larson D. G. 2014. Ecological engineering and aquatic connectivity: a new perspective from beaver-modified wetlands. John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Freshwater Biology, 60:198–208. doi:10.1111/fwb.12487
Hood W. G. 2012. Beaver in Tidal Marshes: Dam Effects on Low-Tide Channel Pools and Fish Use of Estuarine Habitat. Wetlands
, 32:401–410, doi: 10.1007/s13157-012-0294-8
Leidholt·Bruner, K., Hibbs, D. E., and McComb W. C. 1992. Beaver Dam Locations and Their Effects on Distribution and Abundance of Coho Salmon Fry in Two Coastal Oregon Streams. Department of Forest Science, Oregon State University
. Corvallis, OR (http://www.martinezbeavers.org/wordpress/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/Leidholt-Bruner-Beaver-Dam-Locations-and-Their-Effects-on-Distribution-and-Abundance-of-Coho-Salmon-Fry-in-two-Coastal-Oregon-Streams-Northwest-Science-1992.pdf
Miranda, D. 2017. The Community Builder: Beaver’s Role in the Ecological Community. Wetlands Conservancy
Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife
. 2005. Final Report-The Importance of Beaver (Castor Canadensis
) to Coho Habitat and Trend in Beaver Abundance in the Oregon Coast Coho ESU.
Public Broadcasting Service
. 2014. Leave It to Beavers. USA. at http://naturedocumentaries.org/14851/leave-beavers-pbs-2014/
Pollock, M.M., M. Heim, and R.J. Naiman. 2003. Hydrologic and geomorphic effects of beaver dams and their influence on fishes. Pages 213-234 in S.V. Gregory, K. Boyer, and A. Gurnell, editors. The ecology and management of wood in world rivers. American Fisheries Society
, Bethesda, Maryland.
Pollock, M.M., Pess, G.R., Beechie T.J., and Montgomery D.R. 2004. The Importance of Beaver Ponds to Coho Salmon Production in the Stillaguamish River Basin, Washington, USA. North American Journal of Fisheries Management,
Rue, L. L. (III). 2002. Beavers. Colin Baxter Photography Ltd.
, Moray, Scotland.
Shaffer, J.A., E. Higgs, C. Walls, F. Juanes. 2017. Large-scale Dam Removals and Nearshore Ecological Restoration: Lessons Learned from the Elwha Dam Removals. Ecological Restoration
Tamworth Distilling (Beaver Whiskey): http://tamworthdistilling.com/spirits/house-of-tamworth-eau-de-musc/
Warrick, J.A., Bountry, J.A., East, A.E., Magirl, C.S., Randle, T.J., Gelfenbaum, G., Ritchie, A.C., Pess, G.R., Leung, V. and Duda, J.J., 2015. Large-scale dam removal on the Elwha River, Washington, USA: Source-to-sink sediment budget and synthesis. Geomorphology